# "I did a lot of math. I made a lot of money, and I gave almost all of it away. That's the story of my life." | Jim Simons

### The legacy of Jim Simons

Can you imagine politics without politicians? Yale Professor Helen Landemore explains how

**The legacy of Jim Simons **

Jim Simons revolutionized the world of finance through his pioneering work in quantitative trading. Born in 1938 in Brookline, Massachusetts, Simons earned a bachelor's degree from MIT and a PhD in mathematics from UC Berkeley.

In his early years, Simons made significant contributions to various fields of mathematics, including geometry, topology, and quantum field theory. His work on the Chern-Simons form and his contributions to string theory cemented his reputation as a brilliant academic. However, in 1982, at the age of 44, Simons took a bold step and left academia to pursue a new path.

He founded Renaissance Technologies, a hedge fund that applied mathematical and computational techniques to financial markets. His firm's flagship Medallion fund achieved incredible returns, averaging an astonishing 66% per year from 1988 to 2018. This remarkable success made Simons one of the greatest investors in modern history, amassing a massive personal fortune estimated at $29.4 billion by Bloomberg in 2023.